English and Italian are two different languages that express their thoughts in two very different ways. While the known fluency in Italian language, English is characterized by complexity. About 85 million people speak Italian from all over the world. This is the mother tongue of 65 million people, most of whom come from Italy. The rest is handled as a second language. But about 500 million speak English. In addition to the United States, most English speakers are found in India, Nigeria, the United Kingdom, the Philippines, Canada, and Australia.
But in what ways does Italian differ from English?
The Difference in the Language Family
Italian is the Romanian language, one of the Indo-European language families. This modern language is most similar to Latin. In fact, there are many similarities between the two languages. As a Romanian language, there are many romance languages, such as Spanish (82% lexically similar) and French (89% lexically similar). There were Anglo-Saxons in English. As a member of the German-speaking family, it is closely related to the German, Dutch, Friesian and African languages.
Differences in the alphabet
Although the same as the 26 letters in the English alphabet, the letters j, k, w, x and y are considered foreign letters, and as such are used only for import words. Also, words that are indicated in English and uppercase, such as months, days, and others, do not use upper case letters in Italian.
Voice and Spelling Difference
] In Italian, spelling is phonetic, with very few rules and no silent leaves. This is different from English, where silent letters and spelling are more complicated. In addition, vowels in Italian are pronounced in exact fashion, unlike the English-speaking diphthong vowels.
Difference in grammar
Like other Romanian languages, Italians have attributed the noblemen to the sexes. The nouns are either females or males. Modifiers and objects must match the amount and sex of the subject. This does not exist in English, because nouns generally do not have sex, and modifiers do not have to agree.
The two languages differ in the conjugation of verbs. The Italian uses 5 tense forms, namely simple past, present, future, imperfect and conditional. It uses help to form other times and modify the verb end to express tension and object. In English, verbs generally retain their original forms. Their meanings are different, such as -ed, -ed or -ing, and aids like "want" or "want".
In English, the meaning of a sentence depends on word order. The Italian language, which is a foldable language, provides greater flexibility in the sentence structure. In addition, English adjectives arrive before the noun; in Italian they come after the noun.
There are other differences between Italian and English. In general, while English is the language of complexity, Italian is the language of simplicity, fluidity and respect.
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