According to Piaget. a renamed author who has conducted several studies on child development, cognitive development is divided into four main phases: the sensomotor stage, the preoperative thought, the concrete operational thinking, and the thought of formal thinking.

A. Sensor Motor Degree (0-2 years)

The sensor motor time is between zero and two years. An important step is to recognize the form. It looks like a baby for four months when she shows her the bottle or her favorite toys. He remembers the joy he gives him and wants.

Another sign of evolution is the understanding of the cause-and-effect relationship: if I create an action that results. Many games are designed to help the child gain the concept of cause and effect. All activity centers, peaks, portraits, and exercises make each game playable as a result of the action visually or audible. Baby constantly repeat the effects and moves needed for success.

Obtaining the stability of the object is around eight months. At this stage, the child understands that an object even exists when no one sees it. Experience in front of him is hidden under a blanket. If the baby does not try to remove the game by removing the cover, it has not yet relieved the object's stability. Duck toys, surprise boxes, or other games with which we hide items, incorporate this concept.

This age of discovery, the child learns his experiences and discoveries. It is coming to understand the phenomena that force them to repeat and observe the results. Let her explore her surroundings while keeping her safe. It gives us the variety of things that accumulate, fit, roll, bounce, and so on.


From the first months, the child needs communication. You are listening cautiously and responding, you are murmuring and producing all sorts of sounds. It's important to talk to him often because he still has a year and he has more words than he is using.

As soon as the child begins to say a few words, about a year, he must be encouraged with little paperboards. She likes to look at pictures and name what they represent on your business. For about two years, most children use the three-word sentence.

B. Pre-Thinking Operative (2-5 Years)

The next step is two to five years of intuitive thinking or preoperative way. A child with an egocentric thought claims that the events and evidences surrounding the act and for him. An example illustrates this idea: a four-year-old is convinced that the moon will follow him when driving.

The thought-provoking idea means being able to argue, but it's about experiences and only one criterion. If you place the same amount of water in a high glass and a large glass is narrow, you will ensure that there is more water in the bottleneck. It can not be considered as fluid height.

Two to five years is a period when a child is a basic learning. Create objects with simple criteria: colors, shapes, sizes, textures. You can combine two types of images or two similar elements that have a logical connection: habitats and animals, opposites and sports equipment, crafts and tools, and so on.

Games Symbolic

But the most striking feature of this stage is imitation toys. The child's ability to reproduce past gestures and oral expressions of the past. For this, it plays the role of fictional characters or scenarios known or invented and reproduced. All casual suits are very popular in this age: medical bags, beauty, tools, costumes, cooking …

All games with more figures, animals, vehicles and dolls play the majority of the play time of this era. The reproduction of the facts is also experienced by graphic representation activities. This involves the whole of creativity. The material used is varied and can express your thoughts in a variety of ways: all types of pencils, dyes, clay, collagen, etc.

Spatial Organization

This is the beginning of spatiality, the learning of spatial signs. Puzzles and toy structures are familiar with spatial relationships. By treating coins, the child assimilates the upper, lower, first, back, and so on. Concepts. Understanding such concepts is serious about spatial learning in writing.

C. Concrete Operational Thinking (6-8 Years)

Specific operational thinking is between six and eight years. This is the age of entering school: teaching reading, writing, math, and other knowledge. All this can be a certain evolution of evolution. The child is already capable of classifying or prioritizing components. He begins to understand that the concept of time is so difficult to imitate. Understanding spatial and temporal relationships can result in more complex designs and projects over the longer term. It is able to think more logically, taking into account two criteria at the same time, providing access to strategic games.

You can now read and count, and you can enrich your knowledge.

D. Formal Operational Thinking (9 Years)

The end of the last stage, the formal operating idea is a sign of intellectual maturity. Older children, such as adults, may raise problems based on assumptions and thoughts. From now on, these tastes each person determines performance in one or another area. Whether it is science, art or sports, but it is also capable of developing skills in one area or another.

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