Many students often worry or complain that they are unable to produce spoken (and sometimes written) language. They have learned a language for 6 months or more and can only produce a few words and phrases. In general, teachers feel that their students do not do as much progress as they should. After all, they say that they have been practicing patterns, exercises, and even a few conversations in the classroom, but although the students can understand a lot when they are preparing for their own production, they are unprofitable.
good news, it's not bad or bad at all! This is part of a four-stage language acquisition process that has taken place:
1) Quiet Period: Most students at this stage get more than they produce. They understand when someone talks to them but can not express their ideas in the same way. They can answer "yes" or "no".
2) Early Production: Students can answer some "yes" or "no" questions, using repetitive language patterns to express ideas and one or more only two words. They can not find the words to make whole sentences.
It's important to keep in mind that understanding is ahead of production. This is especially true for acquiring the second language. You can always understand a language you can make.
3) Speech Presentation: At this stage, students can communicate with simple sentences and sentences. They ask simple questions that can be grammatically correct or not. Occasionally, they start short conversations.
4) Medium Fluency: At this stage, students use more complex sentences during speech and writing. They can express opinions and share their thoughts. Can formulate questions in order to clarify.  Advanced Fluency: Students at this stage consider their native language virtually indigenous, though there may be some shortcomings when idiomatic use of the language is needed.
It goes without saying that this article is not exhaustive and could actually have a full book for each phase, and my intention in writing this article was to show the lay reader a glimpse into the various stages of this fascinating subject.
You are aware of these phases, feel relaxed in the learning process and reduce the level of anxiety if you feel you can not explain exactly what it is. Time is your ally here!
If you need more information about this topic, you'll only use the following keywords in Google during the Second Language Acquisition phase. You are on the road to know your own learning.
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