The term "urdu" and its origin

The word urdu comes from a Turkish word ordu, which is a camp or an army. The Umbrian language was created by the different ethnic groups, among the Turks, Arabs, Persians, Patanians, Balochis, Rajputs, Peacocks and Afghans. These soldiers were in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects that slowly and gradually evolved into today's Urdu. The reason for this is that the Urdu is also called Lashkari Zaban or the language of the army

During its development, the Urdu language also raised various names such as the Urdu-e-maullah, that is, the ascended army Shah Emperor Jahan and the "Rekhta ", literally scattered (in Persian words) developed by scholars of Urdu poetry

The History and Development of the Urdu Language

The evolution and evolution of language depend on the development and development of a society where this language is spoken. Various invasions and conquests in a given place influence the development of language. Urdu is no exception, as there are various stages of development.

Urdu is part of the Indoarryan family of languages. The origin of Urdu is the descendant of Saur Senic Prakrit. The term Prakrriti means a root or a foundation. This is the later version of Sanskrit. As the Prakrit language began to evolve, the dialects of Khari Boli, Brij Bhasa and Haryanvi Western Hindu influenced. With the coming of Insha Darya-e-Latafat, you could feel the kingdom with other languages, especially in Hindi. Hindi-Urdu has become a contradiction, and consequently, Khari Boli and Devanagari became Indians' identity, while the Muslim rulers and Persians. In this context, the Persian and Arabic words replaced by Sanskrit served the purpose of distinguishing Hindi Urdu.

manifested itself as a urander after a special language after 1193 AD – the time of conquering Muslims. When Muslims conquered this part of the continent, it was the Persian official Indian and cultural language. By unifying the local dialects and the language of the intruders, which were Persian, Arabic and Turkish, a new language emerged, which later became Urdu. At the time of the reign of the Moguls, the uranium was spoken in palaces and courtyards, and until the end of the Mughal rule; Urdu was the official language in most countries. This was the time when the urathurus became Persianized and rich in Persian words, phrases, and scripts and grammar. With the arrival of the British, new English words have also become part of the Urdu language. Many English words were accepted in the real form while others accepted it after some modifications.

At present, the Urdu vocabulary contains about 70% of the Persian words, a mixture of other Arabic and Turkish words. At the same time, the French, Portuguese and Dutch languages ​​prevail. But these effects are small.

Uranus was ruler of soldiers, saints and sausages, and the common people. As a result of the political, social and cultural ties between the peoples of the various speeches and dialects, the word "Rekhta" (Urdu and Persian mixed form) is a mixed-form language. Soon people began to use the new language in their speech and literature, which led to the enrichment of Urdu language and literature.

Urdu Literature

The origin of Urdu literature dates back to the 13th century. . One of the most prominent poets who used his masterpiece in his poems, Amir Khusro, who can be called the Urdu language. In the literature, uranium was usually used on the Persian side. The Mogul kings were the great guard rails of art and literature, and under their rule uranium language reached the zenith. There used to be "Sheri Mehfils" (poetic gatherings) in royal courts. Abul Fazal Faizi and Abdul Rahim Khankhana were the official Urdu poet of the mogul yard. Like Mirza Ghalib, Allama Iqbal, Hakim Momin, Ibrahim Zauq, Mir Taqi Mir, Sauda, ​​Ibn-e-Insha and Faiz Ahmed Faiz contributed to the development of the Urdu language through their literary works. Hindi and Urdu are descendants of the same language, eg. Prakrit, but where he practiced Hindi influence on Sanskrit and accepted the Devanagri script, the Urdu accepted the Persian, Turkish, and Arabic words and accepted the Persian-Arabic script, and Nastaliq's calligraphic spelling appeared as a separate language. But with the common origin, the two languages ​​are as different as they can. Both languages ​​contain grammatical, phonological and lexical differences.

Muslims have also been used as a means of fighting for freedom and have been united under the banner of independence by the British Rice to raise awareness of South Asian Muslim communities. To this end, Maulana Hali, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Allama Iqbal's services are noteworthy, who through their poetry and prose have caused the necessary Muslim sparking in the lives of Muslims. The ruler was chosen to become Pakistan's national language at the time of British independence. Urdu is now the national language of Pakistan, spoken and understood by the majority of the population.


* The book of Ibn-e-Insha, which deals with the phonetic and linguistic features of Urdu, and various parts of work and rhetorical expressions.


1. George Cardona & Dhanesh Jain (ed.). Indian Aryan Languages. Routledge Publishers. London. 2003rd

2. Ram Babu Saksena. The History of Urdu Literature. Sind Sagar Academy. Lahore. 1975th

3. Dr. Tariq Rehman. Peoples and languages ​​in the Pre-Islamic Indus valley. [Online] [Cited 2009 April 4]. Available from:

4. Mirza Khalil Ahmad Beg. Urdu Grammer: History and Structure. Bahri Publications. New Delhi. 1988th

5. Zoya Zaidi. Urdu: Language and Poetry. [Online] 2006 [Cited 2009 April 4]. Available from:

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