Which is the best language to learn? Which is the simplest?

There are two different issues, often in the same breath. But that's okay, because there's only one answer. Whichever language you choose with full heart will study the best and the simplest. However, here is a little help choice.


Here is the 2002 Language List of the Modern Language Association of the most frequently studied languages ​​in the United States. I did not include ancient languages ​​such as Latin, Biblical Hebrew or Sanskrit, languages ​​of special purpose such as American Sign Language or US Heritage Languages ​​such as Hawaii or Navajo, since the choice of these languages ​​follows other dynamics:

first Spanish

2. France

3. German

4. Italian

5. Japanese

Chinese 6th

7. Russian

8. Arabic

9. Modern Hebrew

10. Portuguese

11th Korean

12. Vietnam

13. Hindi / Urdu

14. Swahili

Difficulty, Uncle Sam

First, consider some cool facts. The United States Department of Foreign Affairs classifies the language of diplomatic services by learning difficulties:

1. category The "simplest" language for English speakers, requiring 600 hours of hours of work for minimal skill: Latin and German. However, the German himself needs a bit more time, 750 hours, because he is a composite grammar.

2nd category. Requires a moderate 1100 hour clockwork: Slavic languages, Turkish languages, other Indo-European, such as Persian and Hindi, and some non-Indo-European, Georgian, Hebrew, and many African languages. The Swahili are lighter than the others than 900 hours.

3rd category. Heavy, 2200 hours of learning: Arabic, Japanese, Korean, and Chinese.

Will you get the opportunity to practice this language?

See another important factor: accessibility. To be able to learn successfully, you need to listen, read and speak the language in the natural environment. Language learning requires tremendous concentration and repetition, which can not be entirely done in the classroom. Will you be able to access the language where you live, work and travel?

The 14 Most Popular Courses in Combination of Language Lightness and Availability

1. Spanish. Category 1. Simple grammar is familiar and regular. It is ubiquitous in the United States, the only foreign language that has a significant presence in the United States island language. This is the overwhelming favorite, which means more than fifty percent of the language study enrollment in the MLA study. French. Category 1. It is grammatically complicated but not difficult to learn because many of these words have entered English. This vocabulary affinity makes it easy to reach a specific level, especially in reading. This is a world language and a motivated learner finds this language on the Internet, in movies and in music

. German. Category One Plus. Syntax and grammar rules are complex with the reduction of nouns. This is the simplest language for conversation, in the same basic language as English. However, the abstract, advanced language differs significantly, although the English language selects Latin terms. It understands a clear statement so listening comprehension is not difficult.

4th Italian. Category 1. There are the same simple grammar rules as the Spanish, the familiar vocabulary and the clearest reading of Latin languages ​​(together with Romanian). Italian skills can easily be transmitted to French or Spanish. You may have to go to Italy to practice, but there are worse things that can happen to you. It also meets the world of opera and classical music

5. Russian. Category 2. This very flexible language, with declination, is quite difficult to learn. The Cyrillic alphabet, however, is not particularly difficult, and after you have read the language, it is a pleasant surprise to countless French and other Western languages. This is increasingly accessible.

6th Arabic. Third category. Arabs speak dozens of countries, but many national dialects are mutually understandable. It has only three vowels, but it also includes some consonants that do not exist in English. The alphabet is an awesome obstacle and good calligraphy is very valuable and difficult to perfect. Vowels are usually not written (except for children's books) and this may hinder reading. It is everywhere in the Muslim world and there are opportunities to practice it at all levels of formalities

. Portuguese. Category 1. One of the world's most widely used languages ​​is often ignored. Known Latin grammar and vocabulary, though phonetics have some habits.

8th Swahili. Category Two Minus. Adding a lot of Arab, Persian, English and French loans. Central African Bantu language, but lost the heavy Bantu "sounds". The sound system is familiar and made using the Latin alphabet. One of the most important grammatical aspects is the sixth class of nouns, each of which has different prefixes. However, the classes are not arbitrary and can be calculated

. Hindi / Urdu. Category 2. Hindustani language, an Indo-European language, includes both Hindi and Urdu languages. There is a huge number of consonants and vowels that differentiate between phonemes that the English speaker will have difficulty hearing. The words often stripped the ends, which further complicates understanding. Hindi uses a lot of Sanskrit credit and Urdu uses a large number of Persian / Arabic credits, which means that a large vocabulary has to be mastered. Hindi uses the phonetically accurate Devanagari script that was specifically designed for the language. It is possible that the dominance of the loaned Persian / Arabic script is approaching the writing system.

10th Modern Hebrew Category 2. In the nineteenth century, he grew up as a living language, taking into account the features of many languages ​​of the Jewish diaspora. The language thus obtained was regulated in grammar and syntax, and the vocabulary encompassed a number of credit words, especially from Yiddish, English and Arabic. The alphabet has both print and writing formats with five vowels that do not usually appear. Vowel marking or pointering is quite complex when it occurs. Sounds can be difficult, and because of certain relationships, understanding students is problematic. It is not easily accessible beyond religious or Israeli contexts.

eleventh Japan. Third category. It's hard to learn because the vocabulary is not familiar and the requirements of the sound system are so strict that even the English, French and German language may seem unrecognizable. With three different writing systems it is difficult to read and write hard. Social barriers may also prevent useful interaction.

12th Chinese. Third category. Whether in Mandarin or in Canton (the MLA survey makes no difference, strangely). This list is the hardest language. This includes all the most difficult aspects: unknown phonemes, many sounds, highly complex writing systems, and no vocabulary at all. Personal motivation is essential for the student to progress. On the positive side, it's easy to find, as Chinese communities exist worldwide, and Chinese-language media, such as newspapers, movies and television, are present in all such communities

. Vietnamese. Third category. This language belongs to an unknown language family, but it lends many Chinese language skills (useful if you already speak Chinese!). It has six voices and a grammar with an unknown logic. Not all are gray, but Vietnam uses a Latin alphabet. The chances of speaking this language are not high, although there are 3 million speakers in the US.

14th Korean. Third category. It uses the Korean 24-alpha alphabet, which is exactly 14-armor and 10 vowels. However, language includes 2000 commonly used Chinese characters for literary writing and official documents. Speech levels and honors complicate the acquisition of vocabulary and are related to words that make it difficult to distinguish. Grammar is not very complex and there is no sound. Many Chinese words are spoken, but language is not related to other Asian languages ​​

The Most Important Factor for Everyone: Personal Motivation

The third, most important factor for you. The simplest language for learning is the one that is best for learning to enjoy one, one with the culture that inspires you and your soul-like history. It is useful if you try to learn a language if you do not care about people who speak because language learning involves participation in your behavior and identification with people.

So consider all three factors: motivation, accessibility, and language lightness in the order and bring the final list to yourself. The bad news is that it is not easy to learn a single language, but the good news is that people have great linguistic flexibility if we know how to turn on the learning process. If the advantages and advantages of language are clear to you, you can take away the rusty synapses that spark in your head and start rolling words. Bonne chance!

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